If you are in a job in which cutting metal and other material is part of your daily work, or if you are a DIY expert looking for a more efficient way of cutting and shaping material, you may want to consider water cutting, commonly known as water jet cutting. This kind of cutting may save you money, cut your work time and help prevent your material from damage associated with traditional cutting methods using heat. To help familiarise you with the water cutting process, here are the answers to some basic questions regarding this process.
How Does It Work? -- Water jet cutting utilises high-pressure water that generates power through a pump that combines with an abrasive to cut through different kinds of material such as copper, aluminium, steel, vinyl, fibreglass, bronze, brass, marble, glass and natural stone. Water jet cutting is universally measured in pounds per square inch (psi), and the minimum pressure level for cutting is 50,000 psi. The pressurised water is directed through tubes that end in a cutting head from which the water flows directly onto the material that is being cut. If you are cutting very dense or hard material, you will need an abrasive to facilitate the cutting process. One of the most commonly-used abrasives is garnet, a hard rock with sharp edges. To minimize water spray and noise, you can also submerge material in water before you cut it.
What Are Its Advantages? -- Traditional cutting with laser or steel utilizes heat or intense light that can damage the material being cut, through burns or scalding or melting. But water jet cutting uses water so there is no heat to potentially damage the material you cut. The heating process of traditional cutting can also release toxins when applied to plastic, rubber and vinyl, which won't occur with water jet cutting. You are also cutting out labour time, because you don't have to change the cutting tools when you use water cutting since there are no tools or tool heads you need to replace. And there are no limitations in terms of the thickness or thinness of the material you want to cut when it comes to using water. If your material is softer and more prone to breakage, you can easily cut without an abrasive. For harder and denser material, you can use an abrasive to increase the power of the pressurised water.
You can learn more about water cutting by contacting a company like Intracut.